In the era of the 90s, the Japanese garden was popular with Japanese grass, bonsai pine shrimp and natural stone accents. Park in the Japanese language called "Niwa Sono." These words are the main concept of Japanese gardens create harmony between nature and man-made beauty. "Niwa" means the outdoors and "Sono" means land that is fenced. Japanese Garden, in terms of design is very concerned with the quality of spiritual, aesthetic and intellectual experience for those who enjoy it.
One style of garden is quite famous call the "Japanese garden". The formation of this style is inseparable from the history of past Japanese nation in the Middle Ages often split between a tribe with other tribes. For that made a shelter that can protect from enemy attack. To be more convenient locations plus simple garden that puts the elements of nature as a concept, ie: rock, wood, simplicity of design, swimming, water movement and silence.
The garden character of this type is very distinctive, especially can be seen from the elements complement. If you want to make a park of this type is to be considered include:
1. Water (a basic element). Water is manifested in the form of ponds, artificial streams, or waterfalls.
2. Japanese-style gardens are not too many uses of plants and flowers. Japanese garden requires only a gentle colors like green, white, blue and natural colors stones. Other plants are often used are: trees, shrubs, bamboo, bamboo, moss, and grass. Then, the difference between the slopes of mountains, grasslands, and valleys are stated in the use of many different species of trees and shrubs are cut and trimmed to resemble a variety of forms. In addition, the function of trees and shrubs are as a liaison between the two locations in the park scenery. Distinguish types of plants in Japanese gardens are bonsai (dwarfed plants in a pot), bonkei and bonseki (natural scenery is on top of a tray).
3. Stone (an important element). Stone serves to symbolize the natural form (such as mountains, coastlines, and waterfalls) and as a stepping stone (tobiishi or stepping stones) and stone tiles cover the trail (shikiishi). Stone used is a medium-sized stone. Stone - This stone was chosen and prepared in accordance with the shape, size, color, and texture. Besides the stone can also use sand and gravel. Grains of sand and gravel size used is not too smooth because of easy wind or washed away by rain water. In contrast, grains of sand and gravel-sized too large will be difficult to set up with rake. Selection of sand and gravel also consider color. White sand gives the impression of pure and bright in the sun. While the impressive silence of dark sand.
4. Lanterns (toro) serves as a decoration and lights (light source) at night. Lanterns are often used in Japanese gardens are stone lanterns.
5. Bridge (the basic elements that add to the harmony in the landscape). Functions as a liaison sections separated by water gardens and also as a separator. An example is the Japanese rock garden, stone bridge was built to give the impression that under the bridge there is "water" flowing.