Saturday, 5 March 2011

What you need to get beautiful barrel ponds?

You can use just about anything you want for a container.  Just about any watertight container can be used: buckets, washtub, bathtub, or animal water trough. As long as it's clean, watertight and non-toxic. Figure out where you want to put the container. Most water plants need around 6 hours of sunlight per day.

Clean water is essential to a healthy pond. Tap water contains chemicals which keep the water clean, but which need to be removed before plants and fish are added. If chlorine is present in your water, simply letting the water sit out for a few days will let it 'dissolve' out of the water. If your water is treated with chloramine, you may need to use a chemical to treat the water.

Plants are vital to the pond ecosystem. They aid in water filtration, oxygenate the water, provide shelter and food for aquatic life, and look nice. There are three different categories of pond plant, and representatives from each are desirable for a well-balanced pond. Like other plants, aquatic plants need occasional care - pruning and thinning, and may benefit from occasional fertilization.

Barrel ponds

If you want to set  a pond in your small garden, barrel ponds can answer your wish. As long as you have a metre square to spare then there is sufficient room for a small pond. They are perfect for plants and wildlife, but just too small to keep more than two goldfish. If you do decide on having a couple of goldfish then insure that you live in a warmer climate so that the pond does not completely freeze. 

The materials that you need to make a small ponds with barrel are: a container, water plants - in addition to looking nice, they clean and oxygenate the water, and fish - they control insects and look nice.

Saltwater Fish

These are some examples of fish that are often used to decorate the marine aquarium. The fish has a very interesting color. You just choose a suitable for decorating your home.

Mandarin Goby
The Mandarin Goby is one of the most beautiful and colorful fish in the ocean. They are amazing fish.  They are painted with all the colors of the rainbow in intricate designs throughout their bodies. They are very popular aquarium fish. They are bottom dwellers and spend most of their time scooting around the tank and darting about. When they are alarmed, they raise their dorsal fin lik ea flag and show off their colors.

Koran Angelfish are hardy, but other considerations need to be addressed when considering adding them to your saltwater aquarium.  They should be kept in tanks larger the 75 gallons.  They are also aggressive and can not be kept within a reef because they will eat most soft corals.
These salt water aquarium fish listed above are truly hardy fish but all have different requirements. 

Spanish Hogfish
This snapper isn't yawning, coughing or throwing up.   Instead, he's inviting the Spanish Hogfish in the foreground to clean him.   The distinct purple marking indicates that this is a juvenile Spanish Hogfish, which is the only type which performs this cleaning role, which involves removing parasites and dead tissue from the fish being cleaned.   This benefits both fish - the cleaner gets a meal and the cleanee leaves as a healthier fish.  

Butterfly fish
The common name references the brightly coloured and strikingly patterned bodies of many species, bearing shades of black, white, blue, red, orange and yellow. Other species are dull in colour. Many have eyespots on their flanks and dark bands across their eyes, not unlike the patterns seen on butterfly wings.Their deep, laterally narrow bodies are easily noticed through the profusion of reef life. The conspicuous coloration of butterflyfish may be intended for interspecies communication. Butterfly fish have uninterrupted dorsal fins with tail fins that may be rounded or truncated, but are never forked.

Their coloration also makes butterflyfish popular aquarium fish. However, most species feed on coral polyps and sea anemones. Balancing the relative populations of prey and predator is complex, leading Hobby aquarists to focus on the few generalists and specialist zooplankton feeders.

Butterflyfish are pelagic spawners; that is, they release many buoyant eggs into the water, which become part of the plankton, floating with the currents until hatching. The fry go through what is known as a tholichthys stage, wherein the body of the post-larval fish is covered in large bony plates extending from the head. They lose their bony plates as they mature.

Ocellaris Clownfis

Scientific name: Amphiprion species Country: Worldwide tropical
Clownfish are native to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, including the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. While most species have restricted distributions, others are widespread. They are generally highly host specific, and especially the genera Heteractis and Stichodactyla, and the species Entacmaea quadricolor are frequent partners.

Clownfish live at the bottom of the sea in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons, usually in pairs They are found in northwest Australia, southeast Asia, Japan and the Indo-Malaysian region. There are no clownfish in the Caribbean. 
The Candy Basslet is one of five species of Liopropoma that occur in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. It ranges from the Bahamas and Florida Keys, along the eastern Caribbean, and down to some of the smaller islands off the northern coast of South America.

Candy Basslet is part of the larger family (Serranidae) of sea basses, groupers and reef basslets. The reef basslets have always been some of my favorite aquarium fish because they're generally hardy, attractive, easy to feed, disease-resistant, and remain small. Also, since they do not pick at sessile invertebrates, they're an ideal choice for the coral reef aquarium. One caveat: They will eat any shrimp or crab that's small enough to fit into their mouth.

Blue Tang
The brilliant blue and yellow colors of the Blue Tang, or Palette Surgeonfish, make it one of the most distinctive and familiar of all reef fish. "Palette" in the name may refer to the black design with the circle, which loosely resembles an artist's palette.

Saltwater Aquarium Invertebrates

Some species of Saltwater Aquarium Invertebrates helping to maintain the plants. Moreover, they  feeding on detritus too. These animals present a huge biological and ecological diversity, and this is one reason why they are so attractive to aquarists. Most invertebrates are very demanding as regards water quality. 
The invertebrates have no backbone. Their body is soft, but it is protected on the outside, by a carapace in the case of the crustaceans, or by a shell in mollusks, or it is supported by an internal calcareous skeleton, as in corals. They adapt in surprising ways to ensure their survival. The crustaceans, for example, can walk or swim to look for food or flee an enemy, while corals and anemones unfurl to capture micro particles, such as plankton, in open water, or retract to escape their predators.

The Coelenterates slightly more evolved than sponges, were also classed as vegetables for many years; even now the term animal-flowers is used to describe them. The Coelenterates comprise medusas ("jellyfish") -but, they rarely seen in aquariums.

Worms are barely evolved soft-bodied animals. They are more common in aquariums as live food than as residents. A few specific species can be kept in captivity in sea water. They live in a tube and are often sedentary. The coloring of worms can vary enormously, but they are usually blue or purple, flecked with white, and almost always bicolor.

 Mollusks body is protected by a shell, which has two parts- these are the bivalves - or a single part - as in the case of the gastropods. The bivalves half-open their shell - formed, as their name suggests, by two valves - to filter water. In this way they absorb oxygen and capture food particles, particularly vegetal plankton. Keeping them in an aquarium does not, therefore, pose any problems.

The crustaceans' bodies are protected by an articulated carapace. The animal abandons its carapace when it becomes too small due to body growth; this phenomenon is called the molt. The crustacean is particularly vulnerable to attacks from predators during the formation of the new carapace.
The two pairs of antennae, highly developed in shrimps, play a tactile and sensory role. Crustaceans are carnivorous, and can feed on live or dead prey - they are not difficult to feed in an aquarium.

These possess a symmetry based on five, which is extremely rare in nature, as most animals have a binary symmetry, meaning that, if they are cut down the middle, two identical parts can be observed. This is not possible with echinoderms, because they have to be cut into five sections to obtain identical pieces. Echinoderm means spiny skin: this is highly appropriate in the case of sea urchins, less so in relation to the rough starfish. Generally speaking, echinoderms will not survive for long outside water.

Friday, 4 March 2011

Placement of seawater aquarium

Aquarium can be placed anywhere, either in the room, family room, study room and even on the porch. Things to note is sunshine (lighting) and water temperature.
Strong sunlight can cause rapid growth of a thin layer of green moss on the glass. We recommend that you place the aquarium in the living room for the incoming sunlight is not too much. Besides that, the sun also will raise water temperature.
Room temperature affect water temperature in the aquarium. Temperatures are ideal for maintenance of sea-water fish is 24 ° C to 29 ° C, where the best temperature is in the range of 25 ° C. When you worry, you can use a chiller to lower the water temperature.

How to Arrange Saltwater Aquarium

Clean and rinse the aquarium with fresh water. Do not use soap or other detergent because it can pollute the aquarium. Then, arrange for your equipment, start with a skimmer. Place the skimmer on the place where he is not too disturbing scene, usually on the right / left rear. Could also on the back side of the aquarium, facing forward.

The next step is to place a powerhead. Powerhead should be placed on the left or right side of the aquarium with a muzzle flows was brought to the aquarium. This will give current along the front side of the aquarium. Do not forget to put the filter in the hole for the vacuum to protect the fish are not sucked when passing nearby. After that, enter the sand and rocks. Arrange the rocks in such a way that in addition to providing beauty can also be a place for the fish to be maintained.

1. Circulation pump
2.Protein Skimmer
3.Reaktor calcium
4.Over flow pipe
5.Inlet pipe
6.Inlet Skimmer
7.Layer of gravel (oxygen rich)
8.Layer under gravel (lower oxygen)
9. Bath foam storage
10. Overflow vessel
(Shimek, 1999).

Then enter fresh water first. After you enter the water into your aquarium, there will be the initials, which in the early days, the bodies of creatures that come from coral reefs began to dissolve in water which resulted in increased levels of ammonia and nitrite in water. Because the ammonia and nitrite is highly toxic to living things, do not put fish first.

Wait until the water is really clean is to keep that quiet for some time. After entering fresh water to the aquarium, run his powerhead, but do not run the skimmer. Skimmer is only designed to work more efficiently in sea water alone rather than for fresh water, besides the use of skimmers in this period beyond the ability of skimmer designed for aquariums is, in other words: totally useless. 

If the powerhead has been running for a week more, then the bodies creatures that ever lived on the rocks will dissolve almost everything, depends on the ability powerhead that is used to create current. The culmination of this period was marked by the changing water color brown, smelly and cloudy. At this time dispose of all fresh water and replace it with sea water.
Sea water entered, re-run the powerhead, this time accompanied by the use of skimmer. After some time (usually 4-7 days), the ammonia levels have dropped, followed by nitrite (nitrite or NO2 can be checked with a test kit to NO2 which can be purchased at fish stores nearby). This suggests that the microbes digesting nitrite has been breeding and working properly. If nitrite levels have been below the 0.3mg / L, then the ornamental fish ready to be placed in this aquarium.


Materials to Make Saltwater Aquarium

If you have a hobby to keep the fish, saltwater aquarium is no less interesting than the freshwater aquarium. Step to make it also very easy. The materials needed are also easily available.  
Here are materials you need:
1.Akuarium glass
Select the aquarium made of glass, not acrylic (plastic), with medium height (not too high) so easy to clean and the volume of the aquarium should not be less than 45 liters. Excellence aquarium glass is resistant to scratches. Sometimes the interior of the aquarium could hit the rocks.

2. Dye Pumps
Choose a pump bag with capacity of 1000 liters / hour in order to provide flows for fish tank 90cm long. When you use a larger aquarium pump with a larger capacity or a combination of several medium and small-capacity pumps.

3. Protein skimmer (filter)
Marine aquarium filter called a protein skimmer. This filter is located at the bottom. Water pumped from bottom to top, go down and filtered again. Its function is to remove protein impurities from the aquarium so that water is always clean. Plihlah protein skimmer with a large size that will fit your aquarium.

4. Lamp
Use light specific to marine aquarium. Sun lamps as a replacement is needed for the coral reefs. For every liter of water is needed and a half watt lights.

5. Sea water
You can buy sea water in the stores that sell supplies of sea water. The price is cheap but it should be noted about the salinity of sea water. Make sure that the salinity in accordance with natural sea water. If the salinity is less, it must be added to salt. Whereas if excessive salinity, then simply add fresh water that do not contain iron. It is very important because the fish will stress even death if not in accordance with the aquarium water habitat. Every month, you should replace the aquarium water for 5-10% of water conditions stay awake. Do not be too much to change the water because the fish can stress or even death.